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Spostato il voto di processo a Salvini

Alla fne, dopo un risiko complicatissimo di 48 ore, la decisione del Senato è che il 20, lunedì prossimo, alle 16.30, si riunirà la Giunta per le autorizzazioni di Palazzo Madama per votare sulla richiesta di processo a Salvini, per il caso Gregoretti. A sbloccare lo stallo la presidente del Senato, Elisabetta Casellati, che ha deciso di votare in Giunta del regolamento, dando il voto decisivo per 'confermare' la data del 20. Una decisione che ha visto scoppiare l'ira della maggioranza che parla di mancata terzietà.

953 migrants sent back to Libia in first two months in 2020

the Mediterranean this month and sent back to Libya. All the migrants were taken to detention centers, where the UN migration agency IOM has warned they are at increased risk of human trafficking.

 

At least 953 migrants, including 85 children, trying to flee Libya by boat were intercepted and returned to Libyan shores during the first two weeks of 2020, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said Tuesday.

The migrants were picked up by Libya's coast guard, which is trained and funded by the European Union, and one commercial vessel. Most were disembarked in Tripoli and all were then taken to detention centers, the IOM said in a statement.

 

NGO search and rescue boats reported having rescued 237 others, the IOM said.

High risk of human trafficking: IOM spokesperson

The migrants returned to detention centers are at high risk of being trafficked by criminal gangs that have been able to thrive due to worsening violence in the Libyan capital, according to IOM spokesperson Safa Msehli.

"The security situation gives room to these criminal gangs and to these smuggling groups to prey on the migrants and their wish to leave a rather unsafe country," Msehli told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "It's definitely increasingly worrying," she said.

Alma Zadic new elected Austrian minster

Alma Zadic was born in Bosnia. In the 1990s - during the war in the former Yugoslavia - she fled to Austria with her parents. In early January 2020, she was named Austria's new justice minister - the first minister in Austria with migrant roots.

 

"This will make a difference: that for the first time Austria will have a minister who was not born in Austria," Alma Zadic said in her acceptance speech, as she appointed as justice minister in Austria's new Conservative Party-Green Party coalition government, which took over power at the beginning of 2020.

Although she had wanted intended to use her migrant background as a positive as she entered her new office, it unfortunately sparked a wave of internet hate speech in Austria instead, coming mostly from the far-right and so-called Identitarian movements. Comments such as "a criminal Muslim woman is becoming justice minister: sharia (Islamic) law is coming [to Austira] soon," were shared chiefly by followers of Austria"s far-right Freedom party, FPOe, (who shared power with Kurz’s Conservative OeVP Party until new elections in September 2019), as reported by the AFP news agency.

Online attacks and hate speech

While some sought to accuse Zadic of meeting Islamist groups in Austria, others simultaneously said she was gunning for the far-right and fascists in the country. These attacks against her person have already forced her to seek police protection; meanwhile Zadic has declared publicly that she didn't follow any particular religion or dogma.

"Already on day one, this could be an outlier of cracks in the [new] coalition. […] The Greens and Zadic will need strong nerves to weather this storm," wrote one commentator in an article about the hate campaign against her in Austria's Der standard newspaper.

 

 

Zadic does, however, indeed appear to have strong nerves. Following the attacks and accusations, the new minister is now riding high on a solidarity storm - so much so that it garnered its own hashtag in social media. On January 11, she posted a series of tweets thanking those who have supported her, saying that the "solidarity wave is overwhelming and has brought her the strength to push back against her dissenters

Italy and EU relation

In 2018, Italians challenged the EU by acting a populist government. The coalition of the League and the Five Star Movement proposed a budget which led the EU to threaten an unprecedented fine. The government also opposed the EU’s regulations on migration. This year, too, the key issues in Italian politics continued to be defined by Italy’s relationship with the EU. first half of the year, the EU reacted against Italy’s attempts to improve its ailing economy. EU officials and politicians sought to undermine Italy’s sovereign right to sign a non-binding memorandum of understanding with China to be involved in the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative. After Italy’s lower house of parliament passed a motion to introduce so-called ‘mini-BOT’ debt IOUs, Mario Draghi, the then president of the European Central Bank, insisted this was an illegitimate fiscal measure.

When Italy passed a law on security and immigration to stop ships run by NGOs carrying migrants from docking in Italian ports, the government was widely criticised by senior European ministers. These criticisms were made despite the EU’s own measures to reduce the number of migrants arriving in Eu

In October, the new government submitted its budget for 2020 to the EU. It projected a deficit of 2.2 per cent of GDP – the same as that proposed to the EU by the populist government in 2018. While the proposal by the populist government was rejected by the EU and led to the threat of a fine, the new pro-EU government’s budget was nodded through.

The new government’s prime minister, the aptly named Conte (meaning ‘count’ in Italian), is now playing a pivotal role in the latest and hugely significant battle for Italian sovereignty over financial reform. In June, Conte backed reform to the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), which was set up by Eurozone countries during the 2012 debt crisis. The ESM extends credit to governments accepting reforms. It can also buy government bonds and inject capital into banks. Reforms under discussion include making the ESM the backstop for failing banks, mediating between investors and governments over debt restructuring, and assessing governments’ ability to repay loans if bailouts are requested. These reforms would make debt restructuring more likely and it would be harder for investors to block restructurcion.

an EU summit on 13 December, European leaders were due to agree to the above financial reforms, but Italy withdrew its support. The EU decided finance ministers would continue working on these reforms with the aim of an agreement in June 2020.

Dealing with poor performing banks in a period of stagnation is a pressing issue in Italy and other EU countries. On the evening of 13 December, hours after Conte had declared Italy’s banks to be in good health, the government prepared an emergency decree to rescue Banca Popolare di Bari due to a capital shortfall of €900million. Even with this rescue, 69,000 shareholders – among them many normal Italians who have invested their savings – still stand to lose their money.

Banca Popolare bailout came after Italy was widely criticised for using state funds to rescue Genoa’s Carige bank, two unlisted cooperative banks in the Veneto region and the Monte dei Paschi bank in 2017. But this year, Germany also used taxpayers’ money to rescue NordLB bank. But this was approved by the European Commission without fuss.

Momentarily, Italy’s new government has asserted some parliamentary sovereignty against further EU intervention in its banks. Yet when so many key issues from immigration to the economy – and even who governs the country – are influenced by the EU and conditional on Brussels’ support, many Italians feel there is little point in voting.

Scontro a distanza fra Conte e Salvini sui migranti

Scontro a distanza tra Giuseppe Conte eMatteo Salvini. Durante la conferenza stampa di fine anno, il presidente del Consiglio ha attaccato l'ex ministro dell'Interno: "Il problema non è porto aperto o porto chiuso. Diciamolo francamente al di là della propaganda: i nostri porti non sono mai stati chiusi, la differenza era tenere" i migranti "più o meno giorni in mare". E ancora, ha detto il premier: "Non posso sottrarmi alle responsabilità, anch'io commetto errori. Il tema non è tutti contro Salvini. Ma quando questo governo è nato ho chiesto di recuperare un progetto riformatore. Quando dico che, ad esempio, non sono stato mai favorevole allo schema porto chiuso-porto aperto, lo dico in tutte le occasioni". Quindi, "una politica di rigore sì, ma non una politica che dichiara porti chiusi, cosa che non è mai accaduto di fatto. Mi assumo le mie responsabilità, ma se lo spread sale non è certo per le dichiarazioni del sottoscritto. C'era una propaganda che anche adesso mi accusa di essere un traditore, di essere asservito alla Francia e alla Germania", ha aggiunto.