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The new security decree measures

The Italian government has passed new controversial measures to curb immigration.

The so-called security decree, promoted by Interior Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini, envisages fines of up to €50,000 for ships that “ignore bans and limitations” on accessing Italian waters, and the seizure of ships that ignore orders more than once.

Euronews data about refugee ecpultion

In fact, under his tenure as Interior Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Italy, there has been a fall in removals of illegal non-EU citizens.

 

To repatriate somebody from Italy it is essential that:

a) the person does not enjoy international protection and has been correctly served with an expulsion order;

b) the country of origin recognises the person as a citizen;

c) valid bilateral agreements exist with the relevant country.

In Europe, one state is particularly "efficient" when it comes to carrying out expulsions of irregular immigrants: Switzerland.

According to Corriere del Ticino, in 2017 some "56.8% were sent home, against a rate of 36.6% for the European Union." What was the strategy followed by Switzerland, and why does it work better than the Italian one?

First of all, the numbers

In 2017, 7,147 people left the country by air under the supervision of the authorities according to the Swiss Secretariat for Migration. Data supplied by the agency to Euronews put the 2018 figure at 3,029. Given that there are estimated to be 76,000 irregular immigrants in the Swiss Federation, the percentage repatriated was 9.4% in 2017 and 3.9% in 2018.

Salvini returns to European Union 's Christian roots

Italy’s rising political star, Matteo Salvini, has been refused audiences with Pope Francis and has been denounced as not being Christian by the pope’s allies for opposing free immigration to Italy. Paradoxically, he is also blasted by the Francis regime for using Christian symbolism during his rallies. However, Cardinal Gerhard Müller, Pope Francis former doctrine chief, says the Church should engage with Salvini and those who reject free immigration and believes that the politician is returning to the “Christian roots” of the European Union in his use of religious symbols.

In an interview published yesterday following the landslide victory of Salvini’s party in E.U. parliamentary elections, Müller denounced the attacks against Salvini by Pope Francis’s partisans as “amateurish” and inappropriate.

“An ecclesiastical authority cannot speak about theological issues in an amateurish way,” said Müller to Italy’s Corriere della sera newspaper. “And above all he must not meddle in politics when there is a democratically legitimated parliament and government, as in Italy. It would be better to talk to Salvini, discuss, or correct it when

UNHCR moved 65 children refugees from Libia

Amid violent clashes and a deteriorating security situation in Tripoli, 149 vulnerable refugees and asylum-seekers were today evacuated to safety in Rome.

The evacuees are from Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia. They include 65 children, 13 of them below a year in age. One of the children was born just two months ago.

Many of the evacuees need medical treatment and are suffering from malnourishment.

The group were moved from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency’s Gathering and Departure Facility (GDF), after surviving months in dire conditions inside detention centres in other parts of the city. The evacuation was carried out in collaboration with Libyan and Italian authorities.

“More humanitarian evacuations are needed,” said Jean-Paul Cavalieri, UNHCR Chief of Mission in Libya. “They are a vital lifeline for refugees whose only other escape route is to put their lives in the hands of unscrupulous smugglers and traffickers on the Mediterranean Sea.”

Earlier this week, 62 urban refugees from Syria, Sudan and Somalia were also evacuated from Tripoli to UNHCR’s Emergency Transit Centre in Timisoara, Romania. They will receive food, clothing and medical treatment before travelling onwards to Norway. The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) provided support with transportation.

UNHCR is grateful to States that have come forward with evacuation places however, new detainees are arriving at a faster pace than people are departing. More than 1,000 refugees and migrants have been evacuated or resettled out of Libya by UNHCR in 2019, while more than 1,200 others have been returned to Libya by the Libyan Coast Guard in just May alone after being rescued or intercepted while attempting to flee by boat.

With the fighting in Tripoli showing no sign of stopping, the risks of detainees being caught up in the clashes are rising. UNHCR reiterates its call to States to urgently come forward with further offers of humanitarian corridors and evacuations in order to bring detained refugees in Libya to safety.

More than 83,000 Libyans have been forced to flee their homes since early April, as rival forces continue to engage in fighting and heavy shelling. Local municipal governments and host communities have played a critical role in providing assistance to the displaced, many of whom are sheltered inside schools and other public buildings. Others have left to stay with friends and family in neighbouring towns and cities.

UNHCR has provided more than 9,000 displaced people with emergency assistance and relief items, and donated medical supplies and ambulances to hospitals through the Ministry for Health and the Libyan Red Crescent.

Nearly 600 people have lost their lives in the recent clashes, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Last week, two ambulance drivers died after being caught up in shelling attacks. UNHCR reiterates that targeting civilians and humanitarian workers constitutes a violation of international law, and calls for any perpetrators of such attacks to be held accountable.)

A European Charter for Immigrants - Proposal by PPI

PPI proposes European Charter for Immigrants

At a meeting in Rome on Tuesday 21 May, the Popolari per l’Italia party announced its proposal to establish a European Charter for Immigrants. Ahead of the launch of this initiative, Senator Mario Mauri spoke with New Immigration.eu about the new Charter. He defined it as an instrument intended to safeguard public security, which was currently characterised by a grave deficiency in the reception and management of immigrants.

Senator Mauri, building on his past experience as an MEP, representative on OSCE (Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe) and former minister of Defence, intends the proposed European Charter for Immigrants to provide a clear profile with criteria for recognising and developing the “human capital” of the individual. Thus, not only will there be the essential details for management of immigration, but more important will be the knowledge that will enable the individual to achieve a positive role in the new society in which he or she has arrived. It should not be a question so much of funds to maintain the immigrant, but of identifying ways to help their integration. The Charter seeks to address guidelines as to how this can be achieved.

The achievement of a satisfactory policy and management of immigration, Senator Mauri claims, must involve also the States of origin. This requires investment of resources and effort to reduce, as far as possible, to zero the risks of a failed integration. Dealing with the problem of tackling States, predominantly in Africa, that tend to refuse repatriation of one of their citizens, Senator Mauri feels that all is possible with good will and in respect of the principle of reciprocity. The goal in any case must be to use co-operation for the purpose of integration as the current demography makes this essential for the future of Europe.

The meeting was chaired by Avv. Antonfrancesco Venturini, who paid tribute also to Rocco Milano for his role in developing the Charter. A video presentation was made of the system, including a somewhat Orwellian Chinese clip of identification technology. For the individual migrant arriving in Italy the Charter would operate in two phases. The first would consist of technologically advanced identification and assessment of health, scholastic and linguistic attainment, capacity for employment and general cultural level. With the availability of these data, the second phase would be for the provision of a campus where the migrant can stay for up to six months, benefiting from the secure accommodation and training facilities necessary to commence a successful integration in the society of the host State.

The Charter is labelled European since once adopted it would be the responsibility of each Member State to open one or more Campuses, according to demand, in order to provide for the structured reception of migrants. It would not be the function of a Campus to be involved in decisions regarding admission or asylum, simply to provide a humane and helpful environment for migrants to find their feet in a new country after the ordeal of transit that many have had to suffer. The fundamental message of the promoters of the Charter is that an immigrant, rather than being seen as a cost and liability in negative political rhetoric and prey to the criminal underworld, will have a greater opportunity to become an asset for his or her new-found society.

Andrew Colvin