Your current version of the hwdVideoShare component is not compatible with this version of the hwdVideoShare Mambot, please check your versions.

Un nuovo allarme migranti

Migranti, allarme da Berlino: Si rischia ondata come nel 2015

 

Il ministro tedesco dell'Interno Horst Seehofer lancia un nuovo allarme migranti, avvertendo che il recente picco di arrivi sulle isole greche fa temere una nuova ondata migratoria, forse addirittura superiore a quella del 2015. Intervistato dal quotidiano popolare Bild alla vigilia di una sua missione in Grecia e Turchia, Seehofer sottolinea la necessità di prevenire la crisi aiutando i paesi in prima linea

EU should take share responsibility for migrants

EU ministers should clearly state that rescue vessels are not bound to obey instructions to disembark migrants rescued at sea in Libya, because Libya is not a place of safety, Amnesty International has said on a plan forged by EU states for the rescue of migrants.

“Nor should anyone be subject to sanction for legitimately disregarding instructions to disembark people anywhere in Libya. This principle applies even when rescues are carried out inside Libya’s declared search-and-rescue region,” Amnesty and Human Rights Watch said in a joint statement on the sixth anniversary of the Lampedusa shipwreck, in which 368 people died.

EU interior ministers will meet in Luxembourg next Tuesday, 8 October to discuss a joint declaration agreed upon by Germany, France, Italy, and Malta in Valletta.

The ‘Joint declaration of intent on a controlled emergency procedure – voluntary commitments by member states for a predictable temporary solidarity mechanism’ commits participating states to creating a predictable and efficient system to ensure “dignified disembarkation” in places of safety.

Building on this good start, EU ministers need to now agree on the details of a plan to ensure certainty around disembarkation and a fair relocation system.

Since June 2018, numerous boats have been left stranded at sea for weeks after rescuing refugees and migrants, until ad hoc agreements were reached.

“If we are to avoid yet another obscene standoff at sea, relevant EU coastal states must make clear plans to allow ships to dock in their ports, while other EU states should commit to take their fair share of responsibility for people disembarked,” said Matteo de Bellis, Migration Researcher at Amnesty International. “A strong agreement will help save lives and demonstrate that EU countries are committed to working together to uphold basic values and international obligations.”

“The EU’s current response to the rescue crisis in the central Mediterranean is fundamentally flawed,” said Judith Sunderland, Associate Europe and Central Asia Director at Human Rights Watch. “Supporting the Libyan Coast Guard to intercept and return people to Libya puts people at risk of arbitrary, abusive detention and makes EU governments complicit in human rights abuses against them in Libya. EU interior ministers have an opportunity to ensure that people rescued by nongovernmental organization boats and other vessels land swiftly and safely in Europe.”

The joint declaration includes the worrisome proposition that state-owned vessels must take the rescued people to their flag state. This requirement could impose unjustifiable delays in disembarkations and discourage active rescue patrols and rescues by EU navies and coast guards.

In addition, the declaration emphasizes the need for an increase in the use of aircraft to identify vessels in trouble, but does not refer to a reinstatement of naval vessels. In parallel to an agreement on disembarkation and relocation, EU ministers should pledge to deploy an adequate number of vessels along the main sea routes and to support and enable nongovernmental rescue efforts in this area.

The commitment in the joint declaration to relocate asylum seekers to participating member states within four weeks after they land is a positive step toward sharing responsibility more widely according to Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. “This process should be both fair; ensuring people are not put at risk of prolonged detention and that certain groups are not discriminated against on the basis of nationality, ethnicity or other factors, and streamlined; avoiding additional burdens on countries where people disembark.”

By suggesting that member states should return some of the people “immediately after disembarkation” without referring to any relevant process beyond a basic security and medical screening, the joint declaration fails to ensure respect for safeguards against unsafe or abusive returns.

Amnesty and HRW said the joint declaration appears primarily designed to address the “disembarkation crisis” in the central Mediterranean. “But collective responses are also urgently needed to address the situation in Greece, Spain and Cyprus, where arrivals are significant, reception is under strain, and the humanitarian consequences need to be addressed,” the two NGOs said.

Rimpatri in 4 mesi

Rimpatri entro 4 mesi, decreto Di Maio sui migranti

 

Rimpatri in 4 mesi, di fatto una stretta. E' decreto targato Luigi Di Maio sui migranti. Sono 13 i Paesi per i quali si accorciano le procedure. Si tratta di Albania, Algeria, Bosnia Erzegovina, Capoverde, Kosovo, Ghana, Macedonia del Nord, Marocco, Montenegro, Senegal, Serbia, Tunisia e Ucraina, ha annunciato il ministro degli Esteri nel corso di una conferenza stampa alla Farnesina con il ministro della Giustizia, Alfonso Bonafede, per il quale "con questo decreto, che prevede un elenco di paesi sicuri per i rimpatri, si dimezzano i i tempi per l'esame delle domande di protezione internazionale nei tribunali". Su un totale di 7.087 arrivi in Italia al 27 settembre 2019, "oltre un terzo appartengono come nazionalità ad uno di questi Paesi", ha proseguito Di Maio, secondo il quale "per molte di queste persone dobbiamo attendere due anni e questo ha bloccato i meccanismi di rimpatrio". "Questa lista può essere sempre aggiornata"

Accordo di Malta

" Nulla è stato firmato o adottato». È molto prudente il commissario europeo ai migranti Dimitris Avramopoulsull'accodo di Malta che considera solo un «paper» su cui si dovrà trovare un'intesa al prossimo Consiglio europeo di Lussemburgo. Fiducioso e ottimista per i risultati raggiunti, il commissario ricorda anche che gli sbarchi irregolari in Italia «sono diminuiti in maniera significativa rispetto agli anni precedenti».
Commissario, lei ha speso tutto il suo mandato a trovare una soluzione condivisa per la redistribuzione automatica dei migranti. L'accordo di Malta la soddisfa?
«Sì, sono fiducioso e ottimista perché sono stati compiuti buoni progressi nel delineare i contorni di un insieme di accordi fissi e strutturali, basati sul lavoro svolto dalla Commissione. Detto questo, nulla è stato ancora firmato o adottato. L'obiettivo era quello di preparare un documento da presentare al prossimo Consiglio dei ministri degli interni».
L'ex Ministro dell'Interno Matteo Salvini parla di «euro-fregatura», mentre il premier Giuseppe Conte di «passaggio storico». Come stanno veramente le cose?
«Non spetta a me commentare singole reazioni politiche. In tutti questi anni mi sono sempre astenuto dall'intromettermi nella politica interna. L'incontro a Malta è stato un passo avanti positivo, che ora dovrà essere discusso».
Non teme anche lei il rischio pool factor, ossia che con questo accordo ripartano gli sbarchi?
«Questo lavoro non dovrebbe essere visto separatamente da tutti gli altri sforzi che stiamo facendo. La nostra priorità è ridurre gli arrivi irregolari, combattere i trafficanti, facilitare i rimpatri dei migranti irregolari, nonché salvare vite umane e aprire percorsi legali, sia per le persone bisognose di protezione internazionale, sia per i migranti regolari. Ma se i migranti si trovano in mare il che dovrebbe essere un'eccezione è nostro dovere salvarli».
Nel documento non si capisce se il meccanismo di redistribuzione messo a punto interesserà solo i richiedenti asilo o tutti i migranti, anche quelli economici.
«Il documento deve essere presentato e le discussioni devono ancora svolgersi, quindi aspettiamo. La Commissione ha contribuito a ciò che è stato discusso e siamo pronti a sostenere le disposizioni temporanee di solidarietà a seguito dello sbarco. Ma non spetta a noi decidere su tali dettagli».
Rimangono esclusi i migranti che arrivano con i cosiddetti sbarchi fantasma che in Italia rappresentano circa il 90% del totale...
«Le critiche ci sono sempre, ma per ora mancano proposte alternative. Invece, dovrebbe prevalere il pragmatismo».
È comprensibile, ma almeno le linee generali?
«Posso dire che in Italia gli arrivi irregolari sono diminuiti in modo significativo rispetto agli anni precedenti. Dobbiamo concentrarci sul sostenere questo progresso. Inoltre, il nostro obiettivo è riformare il Sistema europeo comune di asilo, compreso il Regolamento di Dublino».
Le sue deleghe insieme a quelle del Commissario Pierre Moscovici, sono state quelle in cui si sono concentrate le tensioni più alte. Di cosa va particolarmente fiero?
«L'Ue ha affrontato e superato diverse crisi: dalla crisi economica a quella migratoria. Ma anche numerosi attacchi terroristici e c'è stata un'importante revisione del nostro paradigma di sicurezza. Sono proprio questi risultati di cui sono orgoglioso. Mi riferisco alle norme sulla lotta al terrorismo, sul Passenger Name Record, sulla limitazione dell'acquisto di armi da fuoco e sull'aver reso interconnessi tutti i sistemi di intelligence».
Mentre sul tema dei migranti?
«Sono orgoglioso per l'enorme Sistema operativo che abbiamo istituito: dal potenziamento della Guardia di frontiera e costiera europea al massiccio sostegno infrastrutturale».
L'egoismo dei singoli paesi è ancora molto elevato o l'integrazione europea si va concretizzando?
«Le voci del populismo e del nazionalismo sono ancora lì. Tuttavia, se guardiamo alla storia, vediamo che questi sono fenomeni ciclici. Perciò, sono fiducioso che l'Europa stia andando nella direzione giusta».
Si riferisce alle ultime elezioni?
«Esattamente. Guardate il risultato delle elezioni europee: l'affluenza alle urne è stata alta e i cittadini hanno votato in modo schiacciante per Unione  Europea, non contro "

Interview with Dimitris Avramopoulos

Migration has been the most politically toxic and divisive topic of Jean Claude Juncker's five–year period as President of the European Commission.

And it is from the 12th floor of the Commission building – in the heart of Brussels' EU quarter – where one man has had the role of managing the issue.

Before he packs up his belongings and moves on to new ventures, we wanted to hear from the outgoing EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos about his time in the role.

I began by asking him to cast his mind back to 2014, around the time of his pre–appointment interview with the European Parliament. He said then that the migration agenda for European policy would be a crucial test of the legitimacy of the European Union. Did he feel that the Commission had risen to that challenge?

Mr Avramopoulos believed that it had:

"We are not where we were five years ago, which proves that we delivered; the flow of migrants has gone down, our borders are better protected. We have set up new systems and we have beefed up the existing agencies like Europol and Frontex."

"It is very difficult to convince 28 member states to co–operate in the first place and secondly, to trust each other. This is one of the main problems for the European Union today."

I asked him to explain more about the current status of the border security agency, Frontex. The plan for the 2020 budget is to give over €100 million to the agency, putting more police on the borders. asked him if this suggested a "Fortress Europe" approach and if it wasn't just a direct response to what European governments and their voters had wanted.

Mr Avramopoulos said Europe should never be a fortress:

"I will remind you of something: the very first time this term was used was in the year 1933 by Adolf Hitler. We don't want this kind of Europe, but at the same time, we have to protect our borders.

"Right now we are really in a crucial moment. Jean–Claude Juncker said three years ago that we are crossing important and significant points. It is true. The rise of populism and nationalism is a big threat; they have gained ground."

And did he think that if the migration issue had been dealt with differently by the EU that there might not have been this swing to nationalist parties in various European elections this year?

Mr Avramopoulos cast his mind back over his five years in office for his reply:

"You are in the office where all the main initiatives were taken at the very beginning. We took everything into consideration.

"We wanted to provide support to the frontline member states and at the same time prevent irregular arrivals in central Europe too.

"It was not easy, I have to confess, to put together all the different approaches from national policies, So on the one hand, we had a European policy that we are thinking about and conducting on behalf of all Europeans and on the other hand, we are confronting the hardliners of some countries.

"Here I would like to draw a distinction between member states and governments – and governments should never forget that they come and go."

This answer led our discussion naturally onto the subject of Italy. The country has a brand new government – and a new government means new policies.

I asked him what mistakes the Commission might have made when dealing with the previous Italian government which included League leader Matteo Salvini as interior minister and deputy prime minister. I also asked what he anticipated happening with the new Italian government.

Mr Avramopoulos said the issues were to do with the country's domestic politics:

"I am afraid that a large number of Italians were convinced by all these very easy political slogans. With Salvini in the end, I had started noticing a slight change; he started as an anti-European but began articulating a more friendly political position when it came to Europe. What is happening in Italy is up to the Italian people to judge."

Salvini's position was one of criminalising organisations and individuals helping save the lives of migrants in the Mediterranean Sea. What was Mr Avramopoulos' position on people like ship captain Carola Rackete?

Mr Avramopoulos believes people like Rackete are simply carrying out their duties:

"She was doing these duties based on principles. You must always pay respect to the ones who are doing their job according to principles. And I think that what happened, those are incidents that should never be repeated in the future."

On the subject of those incidents, did he feel that the European response had been on a boat-by-boat, crisis-by-crisis approach rather than informed by an over-arching;policy?

Mr Avramopoulos feared it had – and affirmed that he had repeatedly said that permanent mechanisms are needed:

"I am always pushing on the need for these permanent mechanisms. We can't go on like this in the future. All member states have to understand that now is the moment to adopt a permanent system.

"I want to be frank with you. I was very disappointed with the stance of some governments. Some believe it is a proximity issue, that it has only to do with southern Europe. That is not the case. What we try to do is adopt a strategy for all Europe.

It is up to the new leadership of the European Commission to articulate a strong pro–European political vocabulary and convince member states. I know it is not easy, but we are not here to do an easy job.

"The future of Europe is at stake if we do not manage to provide permanent solutions on the migration issue."

When Angela Merkel was speaking in the European Parliament last year, the British rightwing Eurosceptic politician Nigel Farage stood up and thanked her for contributing to Brexit due to her Open Door immigration policy in 2015. What were the Migration Commissioner's thoughts on that?

"Nigel Farage's role in Europe – and most importantly in his own country – is a very negative role and this is what historians of the future will judge one day.

"In history, there are two types of politicians and leaders who are remembered:.the ones who were there to build and those who were there to destroy."

One final topic I wanted to touch on with the Commissioner was the European Union/Turkey statement. This was made in March 2016 and was intended to "end irregular migration flows from Turkey to the EU, ensure improved reception conditions for refugees in Turkey and open up organised, safe and legal channels to Europe for Syrian refugees".

Three years later, the EU observed that the "irregular arrivals" were reduced by 97% compared to before the agreement. It also noted that the number of lives lost at sea had "decreased substantially."

Recently, however,Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan had threatened to disregard the EU/Turkey statement and "open the gates."

What did the Commissioner think the repercussions might be for EU–Turkish relations?

Mr Avramopoulos had an emphatic response:

"The EU/Turkey statement should remain alive. This co–operation should remain and deepen even more in the future. This arrangement should not be used as a negotiating tools."